National Policy Framework

The primary responsibility of providing drinking water facilities in the country rests with the State Governments. The Government of India supplements the efforts of State Governments by providing financial assistance under centrally sponsored Accelerated Rural Water Supply Programme (ARWSP), now renamed as National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP)

National Goal

To provide every rural person with adequate safe water for drinking, cooking and other domestic basic needs on a sustainable basis. This basic requirement should meet minimum water quality standards and be readily and conveniently accessible at all times and in all situations.

Basic Principles, Inter-alia include:

  1. Water is a public good and every person has the right to demand drinking water.
  2. It is the lifeline activity of the Government to ensure that this basic need of the people is met.
  3. Drinking water supply cannot be left to the market forces alone. The importance of providing livelihood supply to all and its vital linkage with the health of the people must be recognized.
  4. User charges of the water supply system should have an in-built component of cross-subsidy to ensure that the economically backward groups are not deprived of this basic minimum need.

Vision and Objectives

Vision:  Safe drinking water for all, at all times, in rural India.


  1. To ensure permanent drinking water security in rural India.
  2. To ensure drinking water security through measures to improve/augment existing drinking water sources and conjunctive use of groundwater, surface-water and rain water harvesting based on village water budgeting and security plan prepared by the community/local government.
  3. Delivery of services by the system for its entire design period of quality of water inconformity with the prescribed standards at both the supply and consumption points.
  4. Issue of potability, reliability, sustainability, convenience, equity and consumers preference to be the guiding principles while planning for a community based water supply system
  5. To enable communities to monitor and maintain surveillance on their drinking water sources;
  6. To ensure that all schools and anganwadis have access to safe drinking water;
  7. To provide enabling environment for Panchayat Raj Institutions and local communities to manage their own drinking water sources and systems;
  8. To provide access to information through online reporting mechanism with information placed in public domain to bring in transparency, accountability and informed decision making;

Paradigm Shift

The following paradigm shift has been made in the NRDWP for ensuring sustainable and environmentally friendly drinking water supply projects:

  1. Move forward from achieving habitation level coverage towards households level drinking water coverage.
  2. Move away from over dependence on single source to multiple sources through conjunctive use of surface water, ground water and rainwater harvesting.
  3. Focus on ensuring sustainability in drinking water schemes and prevent slip back.
  4. Encourage water conservation including revival of traditional water bodies.
  5. Achieve household level drinking water security through formulation of proper water demand and budgeting at the village level.
  6. Convergence of all water conservation programme at the village level.
  7. More consciously away from high cost treatment technologies for tackling arsenic & fluoride contamination to development of alternative sources in respect of arsenic and alternate sources/dilution of aquifers through rainwater harvesting in respect of tackling fluoride contamination.
  8. Treatment of catchment area of drinking water sources through simple measures such as fencing and effective implementation of TSC programme, prevention of sewage/animal waste leaching into surface/underground water sources, promoting ecological sanitation to reduce use of inorganic fertilizers so as to prevent nitrate pollution in drinking water sources.
  9. Promotion of simple to use technologies such as terracotta based filtration systems, solar distillation and dilution through rainwater harvesting for tackling iron, salinity and suspended particulate matters.
  10.  Linkage of water quality monitoring and surveillance with the Jalmani scheme for implementation of standalone drinking water purifications systems in rural schools.

Components of the NRDWP

To meet the emerging challenges in the rural drinking water sector relating to availability, sustainability and quality, the components under the programme are NRDWP (Coverage), NRDWP (Sustainability), NRDWP (Water Quality), NRDWP (Natural Calamity) and NRDWP (Support).

Component wise financing between GoI and GoUK and Implementing Agencies

S.N. Particulars GoI Contribution GoUK Contribution Implementing Agency
1 Coverage (47%) and Water Quality (20%) 50% 50% UJN
2 Sustainability (10%)  100% 0% PMU- Swajal
3 O&M (15%)  50% 50% UJS
4 Support Activity (5%) 100% 0% UJN, UJS & PMU
5 Water Quality Monitoring & Surveillance (3%) 100% 0% UJS & PMU

Year wise release & expenditure (Rs. in Crores)

SN FY Opening Fund Release Interest & others Total Available Funds Expenditure State
1 2009-10 105.8006 124.8983 1.2165 231.9154 64.0711 167.8443
2 2010-11 167.8443 136.4076 4.8743 309.1262 55.3777 253.7485
3 2011-12 253.7485 75.5719 6.8475 336.1679 96.9019 239.2660
4 2012-13* 239.2660 74.2808 8.7205 322.2674 147.9934 174.2740
5 2013-14* (up to Aug,13) 174.2740 68.78 - 243.0541  -  -

*Unaudited Data

Allocation For FY 2013-14

The component wise break-up of the allocation for NRDWP Programme (Normal, DDP, 5% earmarked Chemical and Bacteriological0, Support and  Water Quality Monitoring & Surveillance components is as under: 

 Allocation Under URDWP            Rs. In Crores





Grand Total


5% Earmarked water Quality (Chemical)

5% Earmarked Water Quality (Bacteriological)

137.11 0.52 0.00 137.63 10.75 6.45 154.83

5% of National allocation has been withheld at this stage for a new component called Flexi fund, guidelines for which will be communicated in due course and the withheld fund released. The 10% Incentive weightage amount for the year 2013-14 to all States shall be allocated after finalization of the Management Devolution Index  (MDI0 for the year.

Funds that are being allocated will be released to the States to 2 Accounts (i) the Programme fund Account (in which Normal fund, DDP fund and Earmarked Water Quality 5% fund will be released) and (ii) the Support Fund Account (in which the Support fund and WQM&S fund will be released)


List of Sanction Orders of GoI  FY 2013-14        (Rs In Lakhs)

S.N. Sanction Number Sanction Date Sanctioned Amount Uttarakhand Program Date Of Remittance Date Of Fund Receipt
1 W-11020/27/2013/NRDWP/Water/49 21-06-13 262.08 Normal Program 21-06-13 24-6-13 
2 W-11020/27/2013/NRDWP/Water/48 21-06-13 1899.24 Normal Program 21-06-13 24-6-13 
3 W-11020/27/2013/NRDWP/Water/47 21-06-13 4717.49 Normal Program 21-06-13 24-6-13 

Created BY: swsm.admin
Modified By: swsm.admin

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