Massive Investments have been made in the Rural Water Supply and Sanitation (RWSS) sector during last two decades. However, providing adequate and potable drinking water on a sustainable basis to all persons living in the rural areas is a major challenge being faced by water supply managers and policy planners of our country. The Government of Uttarakhand (GoUK) had been equally concerned to ensure sustainable development in the delivery of RWSS service.
The Government of Uttarakhand (GoUK) has prioritized rural water supply and sanitation as a key area of its development agenda. GoUK envisages universal coverage of safe and potable water and sanitation by the end of its Twelfth Plan (2012-17). GoUK recognises the need to scale up the sector reform principles across the State on a Sector-Wide-Approach (SWAp) along with the required institutional capacity building of RWSS sector stakeholders. The vision also delineates the renewed institutional structure of the State as:
“The rural local government in partnership with rural communities; shall plan, design, construct, operate and maintain their water supply and sanitation schemes; so that they get potable water and accrue health and hygiene benefits. The government and its sector institutions together shall act as a supporter, facilitator and co-financier, technical assistance and training provider and also support large scale construction works and sectoral contingencies”.
GoUK has established the State Water & Sanitation Mission (SWSM) at the State level and District Level & Sanitation Mission (DWSM) at the district level for implementing the policy guidelines and reform principles for the RWSS sector.